Fujairah is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates. The only of the seven with a coastline solely on the Gulf of Oman.
Fujairah holds a unique position in the UAE. It is the only Emirate that lies on the eastern side of the UAE, along the Gulf of Oman, while the other six Emirates are along the Arabian Gulf.
The Emirate derives its name from a spring of water located beneath one of the mountains. The Hajar mountain range that divides the UAE in two, from Ras Al Khaimah to Al Ain has kept Fujairah separated from the rest of the country.
The historical importance of Fujairah dates back to the period before the birth of Christ. It was known in the old ages as the land of sea giants. The main cities and villages in Fujairah are Dibba, Murbeh, Qidfa, Al Bidiyah, Masafi and Al-Siji. Fujairah is a land endowed with remarkable beauty. Sun-kissed beaches, majestic mountain ranges and convivial weather conditions conspire to present Fujairah as an exotic land, ripe for discovery by tourists and business persons alike.
Fujiairah museum a local history museum located near Fujairah Fort opened in 1991. It has an excellent collection of artifacts, dating from the early Bronze Age, that were unearthed during archaeological digs at Qidfa and Bithnah. Exhibits include Bronze and Iron Age weaponary, painted pottery, carved soapstone vessels and pre-Islamic silver coins. One of the museum's prized pieces, discovered at Qidfa, is a bowl made from ostrich egg dating back 2,200 years. There is also a good ethnography section, with displays of traditional Emirati daily life and craft work.
Fujairah's modern Sheikh Zayed Mosque covers a site the size of three football pitches and boasts six minarets 100 meters high. The mammoth prayer hall has space for 32,000 worshipers. Its white facade has made it one of the city's major landmarks and it ranks as the second biggest mosque in the United Arab Emirates after the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque of Abu Dhabi. Fujairah is already home to more than 290 mosques, but it is the oldest and the newest that have earned them a special place in the story of the UAE.
Built in 1670, Fujairah Fort was badly damaged by a British attack in the early 20th century. Considered the oldest fort in the United Arab Emirates, it has served previously as both a defensive building and a home for the ruling family. And for many centuries, it was the only stone building along the Fujairah coast. The fort has three major sections, several halls, one square tower and two round towers. In recent years, it has been fully restored to its former glory. The area surrounding the fort is now part of a Heritage Village set up by Fujairah's Department of Archaeology and Heritage. Here, you can see restored old houses, exhibits about traditional life and a display of the Al Yazrah irrigation system that Emirati farmers used in their fields.
You'll find plenty of places to eat in the city restaurants including Nalukettu - enjoy pungently flavoured dishes from Kerala. Al Meshwar - Make a meal out of a few mezze plates or go for one of the grills. There's a shisha lounge downstairs, and a family dining area upstairs.
Al Aquh Beach - Snoopy Island - About 45 kilometers north of Fujairah City, Al Aquh Beach, dominated by the rocky outcrop of "Snoopy Island" just offshore, is the Emirate of Fujairah's top beach resort. This slither of coast, sitting on the Gulf of Oman, offers the United Arab Emirate's best opportunities for scuba diving and snorkeling and is a must-do for underwater enthusiasts. The scatter of hotels that line the shore are all set up for water activities, with diving operators and plenty of other water sports on offer, but don't worry if you just want to laze on the beach, this strip of sand has everything you want for an easygoing day of sunbathing.
Bithnah Fort - Outside Fujairah City, 13 kilometers away along the main highway, Bithnah Fort once stood watch over the strategic routes crossing the Hajar Mountains through Wadi Ham. Built in 1735, the fort was considered of vital importance to the defence of the United Arab Emirates' eastern region. The fort's bulky frame of thick golden-stoned walls, edged by a chunky circular watch tower, makes it particularly photogenic, while the views from the ramparts over the countryside of palm groves and jagged mountains behind are spectacular.
Cycling, fishing, parasailing, snorkelling and camping.